Coronavirus: Hong Kong imposes quarantine rules on mainland Chinese


A girl wearing a facemask crosses from mainland China to Hong Kong. Photo: 8 February 2020Image copyright
AFP/Getty Images

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By Saturday morning very few people were arriving from mainland China to Hong Kong

Hong Kong has begun a mandatory two-week quarantine for anyone arriving from mainland China, in a fresh effort to contain the deadly new coronavirus.

Visitors must isolate themselves in hotel rooms or go to government-run centres, while returning Hong Kong residents must stay inside their homes.

Anyone caught flouting the new rules faces a fine and a prison sentence.

Tens of thousands of travellers queued at the Chinese border city of Shenzhen to beat the Friday midnight deadline.

But by Saturday morning only a trickle of people were arriving via the Shenzhen Bay Port crossing.

Hong Kong has seen 26 confirmed cases of the virus and one person has died. The number of confirmed cases in mainland China stands at 34,546, with 722 deaths.

Outside China, 270 cases have been confirmed in at least 25 countries, with one other fatality – in the Philippines.

Meanwhile, another 41 people on a quarantined cruise ship off Japan have tested positive for the coronavirus, bringing the total number of cases on board to 61.

There was some positive news on Friday when the World Health Organization (WHO) said there had been fewer reported infections in China in the past two days. However, director-general Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus cautioned against reading too much into those figures.

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Media captionFootage appearing to show people held in quarantine in a makeshift facility in Wuhan, has been shared across social media

He also told reporters that the outbreak had caused a global shortage of protective medical equipment such as gowns, masks and gloves.

“When supply is short, and demand is high then there could be bad practices like hoarding in order to sell them at higher prices,” he warned, urging suppliers to “uphold the protection of humanity” rather than looking to increase profits.

The WHO also released new data from 17,000 patients that suggested 82% had a mild form of the disease, with 15% considered severe cases and 3% critical.

For most this is a mild infection

This is the clearest detail we’ve had on the spectrum of disease this coronavirus can cause.

It is good news for most people and emphasises that for more than four-in-five, this is a mild infection.

However, that sheer volume of mild cases raises important questions about stopping this epidemic.

The Sars-coronavirus outbreak was relatively easy to stop because patients were often severely ill and easily identified.

Mild cases – which could be mistaken for any other winter bug – are naturally harder to spot.

What we don’t know is how easily people with mild symptoms can spread the new coronavirus.

If mild cases are capable of sustaining this epidemic, then it will be much harder to contain.

It is also worth remembering we still do not know the true number of cases, with some analysts saying there could be 10 times more than official figures suggest.

What’s happening in mainland China?

There has been widespread anger and grief across China over the death of a doctor who tried to warn about the new coronavirus.

Li Wenliang died after contracting the virus while treating patients in Wuhan – the city in Hubei province that is at the epicentre of the outbreak.

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Reuters

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A vigil for Li Wenliang, who died on Friday morning, was held in Hong Kong

In December he sent a message to fellow medics warning of a virus he thought looked like Sars – another deadly coronavirus. But he was told by police to “stop making false comments” and was investigated for “spreading rumours”.

China’s anti-corruption body said it would open an investigation into “issues involving Dr Li”.

Analysts say it is hard to recall an event in recent years that has triggered as much online grief, rage and mistrust against the Chinese government.

News of Dr Li’s death became the top trending topic on Chinese social media, garnering an estimated 1.5bn views.

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Media captionThe BBC’s online health editor on what we know about the virus

China’s leadership had already faced accusations of downplaying the severity of the virus – and initially trying to keep it secret.

The government has admitted “shortcomings and deficiencies” in its response to the virus, which has now killed 722 people and infected 34,546 in mainland China.

What is the latest on the coronavirus?

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Media captionPassenger David Abel: “In addition to the face masks, we’ve now been given gloves”

Meanwhile, Chinese President Xi Jinping has told his US counterpart Donald Trump that China is “fully confident and capable of defeating the epidemic”. The country has introduced more restrictive measures to try to control the outbreak:

  • The capital Beijing has banned group dining for events such as birthdays. Cities including Hangzhou and Nanchang are limiting how many family members can leave home each day
  • Hubei province has switched off lifts in high-rise buildings to discourage residents from going outside.



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